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Pineda, Marianna

American (1949-1996)

A sculptor of stylized realistic figures, Marianna Pineda was born in 1925 in Evanston, Illinois. She was a member of the National Academy of Design, in New York City, elected an Associate in 1982, and an Academician in 1990. She received awards, including a gold medal, from the National Academy in 1987 and 1988. She was similarly awarded gold medals and prizes in 1986, 1988 and 1991 by the National Sculpture Society, in New York City. Pineda received a prize at the 62nd American Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture in 1957 at the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois. She became a member of the Sculptors Guild, New York City, in 1952,and the National Sculpture Society in 1985.

Pineda's work is in the collections of the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota; Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire; the Muscarelle Museum of Art, Williamsburg, Virginia; and the following locations in Massachusetts: the Boston Museum of Fine Arts; Fogg Art Museum, and Radcliffe College, Harvard University, Cambridge; Boston Housing for the Elderly; and the Addison Gallery of Art, Phillips Academy, Andover.

Pineda's figure of a seated woman, "The Accusative," is located in Honolulu, Hawaii in the offices of the Commission on the Status of Women in the Kamamalu Building. Her eight-foot bronze of Queen Liliuokalani has stood since 1982 in Honolulu between the state Capitol and Iolani Palace. Pineda also produced "Search for the Queen," a 1996 documentary on Queen Liliuokalani's life and the sculptor's creation of the bronze memorial. Pineda lived in Hawaii in 1970.

One-person exhibitions of Marianna Pineda include the Swetzoff Gallery, Boston, Massachusetts, in 1956, 1963 and 1964; Newton College, Massachusetts, 1972; Contemporary Arts Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1982; Judi Rotenberg Gallery, Boston, 1990; and a 1992 retrospective at the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, "Four Decades of Drawings."

Group exhibitions include Galerie 8, Paris, France, in 1950; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, 1951; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City, 1953-1955, 1957 and 1959; a traveling show originating at the Museum of Modern Art, New York City, 1959; American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York City, 1961; and the National Academy of Design's 167th Juried Exhibition, New York City, 1992.

Marianna Pineda had extensive training in sculpture during the World War II years by major figures in that medium, including Carl Milles in the summer of 1942 at the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan; Simon Moselsio, from 1942-1943, at Bennington College, Vermont; Raymond Puccinelli, 1943-1945, at the University of California, Berkeley; Oronzio Maldarelli, 1945-1946, Columbia University, New York City; and, after the War, from Ossip Zadkine, 1949-1950, in Paris, France.

The sculpture of Marianna Pineda is discussed in "Contemporary American Women
Sculptors", by Virginia Watson-Jones, published by Oryx Press in 1986; Pilgrims and Pioneers: New England Women in the Arts, published by Midmarch Arts in 1987; and Charlotte S. Rubenstein's "American Women Sculptors", published by G.K. Hall in 1990.

A catalogue of the sculptor's exhibition at George Washington University, in St. Louis, "Marianna Pineda: Sculpture 1949 to 1996," text by Patricia Hills, was published by Alabaster Press in 1996. Marianna Pineda is one of the twenty-six in Karma Kitaj's book, "Women Who Could...and Did: Lives of 26 Exemplary Artists and Scientists", published by Huckle Hill Press.

Marianna Pineda died of pancreatic cancer in 1996 in Boston, Massachusetts.

Jules and Nancy Heller, "North American Women Artists of the 20th Century"